Memahami Perbedaan Kalimat Verbal Dan Non Verbal Bahasa Inggris

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Kalimat verbal dan non verbal merupakan dua dari berbagai jenis kalimat dalam bahasa inggris yang harus kamu kuasai. Dalam ilmu bahasa inggris, dua topik ini masuk ke dalam materi struktur dan grammar. Memahami dua kalimat ini dapat membantumu menguasai berbagai jenis tense dalam bahasa inggris.

Dalam materi kali ini kamu akan belajar mengenai berbagai macam hal yang berkaitan dengan kalimat verbal dan non verbal, yaitu:

Pengertian kalimat verbal dan non verbal

Kalimat verbal adalah kalimat yang mengandung kata kerja (verb) di dalam predikatnya. Sebagai catatan, verb di sini harus yang sesuai dengan subjek serta tensesnya. Sedangkan kalimat non verbal adalah kalimat yang mengandung to be di dalam predikatnya. Kalimat non verbal ini biasa dikenal dengan kalimat nominal.

Contoh kalimat verbal dan non verbal

Berikut adalah beberapa contoh dari kalimat verbal.

She prays.

I bought Spider-Man comic yesterday.

Berikut adalah beberapa contoh dari kalimat nonverbal.

He is handsome.

We are football player.

Ciri-ciri kalimat verbal

Sesuai dengan pengertiannya di atas, ciri-ciri dari sebuah kalimat verbal adalah adanya kata kerja (verb) di dalam predikatnya. Dengan kata lain, untuk mengidentifikasinya, kamu hanya perlu mencari verb tersebut. Ingat, dalam tenses kata kerja dapat berubah bentuk tergantung waktu terjadinya.

Ciri-ciri non verbal

Untuk kalimat non verbal, ciri-ciri utamanya yaitu gak ada kata kerja (verb) di dalam predikatnya. Oleh karena itu, verb-nya diganti menggunakan “to be.”

Ingat ya, “to be” juga harus sesuai antara subjek dengan “to be” nya. Nah masalah ini cukup banyak dihadapi oleh pembelajar bahasa inggris di indonesia. Jadi agar memudahkan kamu dalam mempelajarinya, perhatikan tabel berikut ini:

Subject To Be
I
You
We
They
He
She
It
Am
Are
Are
Are
Is
Is
Is

Contoh kalimat verbal dan non verbal positif, negatif, dan interogatif

Contoh kalimat verbal positif

Contoh kalimat Verbal Positif

Andi wakes up at 04:00 in the morning.

Ina plays the piano every Friday.

We go to school with our friends.

I like reading and traveling.

Contoh kalimat Verbal Negatif

Andi does not wake up at 04:00 in the morning.

Ina does not play the piano every Friday.

We do not go to school with our friends.

I do notlike reading and traveling.

Contoh kalimat Verbal Interogatif

Does Andi wake up at 04:00 in the morning?

Does Ina play the piano every Friday?

Do We dgo to school with our friends?

Do I reading and traveling?

Contoh kailmat non verbal positif

This is a wonderful picture.

Indra is a very humble person.

My aunty and uncle are very kind to others.

I am Harry Potter.

Contoh kalimat Non Verbal Negatif

This is not a wonderful picture.

Indra is not a very humble person.

My aunty and uncle are not very kind to others.

I am not Harry Potter.

Contoh kalimat Non Verbal Interogatif

Is this a wonderful picture?

Is Indra a very humble person?

Are my aunty and uncle very kind to others?

Am I Harry Potter?

Kalimat Verbal dan non verbal dalam tenses bahasa inggris

Simple Present Tense

Pola kalimat verbal dalam simple present tense:

I/ you/ we/ they + verb

He/ she/ it + verb(s/es/ies)

Contoh:

I run

John runs (John = He)

Pola kalimat non verbal dalam simple present tense:

I + am + adjective/ noun/ adverb

You/ we/ they + are + adjective/ noun/ adverb

He/ she/ it + is + adjective/ noun/ adverb

Contoh:

I am big.

They are teachers.

He is Inside.

Simple Past Tense

Pola kalimat verbal simple past tense:

Subject + verb 2.

Contoh:

Ani wrote a novel.

They jumped.

I bought maccaoni last night.

Pola verbal simple past tense

I/ he/ she/ it + was + adjective/ noun/ adverb

You/ we/ they + were + adjective/ noun/ adverb

Contoh:

The test was hard.

You were a singer.

Simple future tense

Pola kalimat verbal simple future tense

Subject + will + verb

Contoh:

We will study hard.

I will come.

Pola kalimat non verbal simple future tense:

Subject + will be + adjective/ noun/ adverb

Contoh:

He will be late.

You will be prettier.

Simple Continuous Tenses (present, past, & future)

Dalam simple continuous tense gak ada kalimat non verbal. Artinya, seluruh kalimat dalam simple continuous tense adalah kalimat verbal.

Pola kalimat verbal dalam simple continuous tense:

Present continuous: Subject + am/ are/ is + verb+ing

Past continuous: Subject + was/ were + verb+ing

Future continuous: Subject + will be + verb+ing

Contoh:

I am cooking

They were driving fast.

He is doing homework.

We will be having dinner.

Present perfect tense

Pola kalimat verbal dalam present perfect tense:

I/ you/ we/ they + have + past participle verb (V3)

He/ she/ it + has + past participle verb (V3)

I have lived here since 2000

She has done her work.

Pola kalimat non verbal dalam present perfect tense:

I/ you/ we/ they + have been + adjective/ noun/ adverb

He/ she/ it + has been + adjective/ noun/ adverb

Contoh:

We have been at school since morning.

It has been long since the accident happened.

Past perfect Tense

Polakalimat verbal dalam past perfect tense:

Subject + had + v3

Contoh:

They had arrived.

The game had started.

Pola kalimat non verbal dalam past perfect tense:

Subject + had been + adjective/ noun/ adverb

Contoh:

I had been here since yesterday.

She had been at home.

Future perfect tense

Pola kalimat verbal dalam future perfect tense

Subject + will + have + v 3

Contoh:

He will have arrived this week.

We will have gone next month.

Pola kalimat non verbal dalam future perfect tense:

Subject + will have been + adjective/ noun/ adverb

Contoh:

They wll have been in Paris tomorrow.

She will have been there.

Perfect Continuous Tenses

Present perfect continuous: Subject + has/ have been + verb+ing

Past perfect continuous: Subject + had been + verb+ing

Future perfect continuous: Subject + will + have been +verb+ing

Contoh:

I have been waiting for you.

She had been eating.

They will have been coming.

Kesimpulan

Kalimat verbal dan non verbal adalah dua dari beberapa jenis kalimat. Umumnya, istilah verbal dan non verbal akan ditemui ketika kamu sedang mempelajari tentang tenses dalam bahasa inggris, terutama simple present tense.

Jangan lupa tinggalkan komentar dan share jika materi kalimat verbal dan non verbal ini membantumu meningkatkan pengetahuan bahasa inggrismu ya!

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